Intergovernmental organizations (IGO) are established by two or more member-states or governments through an agreement or a treaty to enhance political cooperation and accomplish common interests. IGOs are essential in identifying international or regional concerns that can feed into the development of green freight programs, and can contribute in endorsing the concept of green freight programs and in harmonizing green freight programs.
IGOs can be effective channels for enabling the development of green freight programs. As IGOs are composed of representatives from multiple member states, they are essential for creating support in the development of green freight programs. They can establish a strategic framework for the adoption and/or expansion of such programs in their member states and can also support activities that can accelerate such initiatives. Moreover, they can also support the harmonization of green freight programs and to align green freight efforts to maximize synergies and benefits. Other IGOs can also provide financial assistance to support activities that can help accelerate green freight programs, (such as pilot projects on technology demonstration) and capacity building activities.
Trade and economic IGOs must keep pace with increasing regional trade agreements, demand for international trade, and rapid development of information and communications technology, and, in many circumstances, must be able to settle disputes due to broken agreements or obligations on trade policy measures agreed upon. Implementing green freight and logistics program would require IGOs of different functions to work together to evaluate and empower human capital of different nations and ensure there is functioning markets, institutions, regulations and infrastructure to ensure the smooth flow of goods.